Legal profession is a profession, which develop and apply law. Practicing law means advising and representing clients as a private practitioner or in a law firm. A law graduates need to undergo some sort of apprenticeship, membership in a professional organization and a license. Usually, there is a requirement for someone choosing a career in law to first obtain a law degree or some other form of legal education. For this purpose a student can apply after xii or graduation. To obtain a law degree you clear entrance test of NLU or various universities. To enrol yourself in a NLU, you should clear CLAT (common law admission test) exam.
CLAT [Common Law Admission Test]
CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is one of the top most entrance exam in the field of law in India. A student who clears the CLAT entrance exam can get admission in NLUs. CLAT exam is conducted every year. It is a centralized test for admission to 19 National Law Universities in India. 43 other education institutes and two public sector institutes are also eligible to use these scores. The test is conducted by the 19 participating law schools in rotation, in the order of their establishment, starting with National Law School of India University which conducted CLAT-2008, and up to National University of Advanced Legal Studies which conducted CLAT-2018. The nineteen NLUs offer five-year integrated Under-Graduate Law Programmes leading to the award of a degree in Law as per their respective nomenclature.
Most NLUs also offer PG Programmes in Law. The test is taken after the Higher Secondary Examination or the 12th grade for admission to integrated under graduation programmes in Law and after Graduation in Law for Master of Laws(LL.M) programmes conducted by these law universities. Before the introduction of CLAT, the autonomous law schools in India conducted their own separate entrance tests
Commencement of Submission of Online Application: 01st January 2018 (Monday)
Last Date of Submission of duly filled in Online Application: 31st March 2018 (Saturday)
Issue of Admit-Cards: 03rd week of April 2018
Examination Date of CLAT 2018: 13 May 2018 (Sunday, 03.00 PM to 05.00 PM)
- There will be no upper age limit for UG Program in CLAT 2018.
- As regards minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2), the candidates must have secured:
- Forty five percent (45%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and
- Forty Percent (40%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) categories.
- Candidates who are appearing in the qualifying examination in March/April, 2018 are also eligible to appear in CLAT-2018 online examination. However, they shall be required to produce an evidence of their passing the qualifying examination at the time of admission, failing which they shall lose their right to be considered for admission.
- The result of the qualifying examination (i.e., 10+2) shall be submitted by the candidate at the time of admission failing which the candidate shall be ineligible for admission to the Course.
- In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by the following procedure and order as under :-
i. Higher marks in the component /section on legal aptitude in the CLAT-2018 exam;
ii. Higher age;
iii. Computerised draw of lots.
- The candidates must have minimum percentage of marks in the qualifying examination [i.e. LL.B./Five-Year Integrated LL.B. (Hons.)/any other equivalent exam] as under:
- Fifty five percent (55%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Unreserved/OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) and other categories, and
- Fifty percent (50%) marks in case of candidates belonging to Scheduled Caste/Scheduled Tribe (SC/ST) categories.
- The candidate must have passed/appeared in the final semester/final year examination of the qualifying examination on the date of his/her admission.
- In case of candidates who have appeared in the qualifying examination, he/she may submit his/her final result of qualifying examination within the time frame prescribed by the respective University/Institute. Till then such candidates may be given provisional admission.
- In case of equal marks, the break of tie shall be by procedure and order as under:
- Higher age;
- Computerized draw of lots.
- No upper age limit is prescribed for appearing in CLAT-2018.
Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:
1. English including comprehension:
The English section will test the candidate’s proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be assessed on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs:
The General knowledge will be evaluated on the general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test the candidate’s on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.
This section will test the candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e., maths taught up to 10th Class/Standard.
4. Legal Aptitude:
This section will test the candidate’s interest towards the study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions may include legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.
5. Logical Reasoning:
The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.
EXAM PATTERN UG Courses in CLAT-2018
|S No.||Detail||Marks Detail|
|(b)||Duration of CLAT-2018 Exam||02:00 Hours|
|(c)||Multiple-Choice Questions||200 questions of one mark each|
|(d)||Subject areas with weight-age:|
|1. English including comprehension||40 Marks|
|2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs||50 Marks|
|3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)||20 Marks|
|4. Legal Aptitude||50 Marks|
|5. Logical Reasoning||40 Marks|
|(e)||Negative Marking||..25 Mark for each wrong answer|
The pattern of Question Paper and syllabus for the PG Program in CLAT-2018
The pattern of the question paper for admission to the Post-Graduate Course for CLAT-2018 is as under:
|S No.||Detail||Marks Detail|
|(b)||Duration of CLAT-2018 Exam||02:00 Hours|
|(c)||Multiple-Choice Questions||150 questions of one mark each|
|(d)||Syllabus||Questions will be asked from the following areas of Law:|
|1. Constitutional Law||50 Marks|
|2. Jurisprudence||50 Marks|
|3. Other Law Subjects such as Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR etc.||50 Marks|
|(e)||Negative Marking||0.25 Mark will be deducted for each wrong answer|
The Procedure For Filling Up the Application Form For CLAT
The application form for CLAT-2018 shall be filled Online only.
The online application form has to be accessed from the CLAT-2018 website (www.clat.ac.in).
The candidates are first required to register themselves at the CLAT online application webpage by using personal e-mail ID and mobile number. To register an application, choose the tab “CLICK HERE FOR NEW REGISTRATION” and enter Name, Email-id and Mobile number. A Provisional Registration Number and Password will be generated by the system. An Email and SMS indicating the Provisional Registration number and Password will be sent. Use this Provisional Registration Number and Password to log in to fill the Online Application.
The Name of the candidate and the parents should be spelt correctly in the application as it appears in the Certificates/Mark sheets/Identity proof. Any change/alteration found may disqualify their candidature.
Documents to be uploaded with the Online Application.
The scanned copies of the documents to be uploaded by the candidates, adhering to the guidelines provided in the online application webpage, are:
1. Front facing passport size recent photograph
2. Signature of the candidate
3. The scanned copy of the certificate in PDF format issued by the competent authority to support the claim of Specially Abled Persons (SAP).
The original certificates/documents issued by the competent authority as specified in the brochure are to be submitted to the allotted University in the form and manner as specified by the respective universities at the time of admission.
The photograph and signature of the candidate need not be attested while submitting the Online Application Form.
The candidate can fill up the required details in the application form and save the same before finally submitting it.
No hard copy of the filled in online application form is to be sent to the CLAT Office.
No alteration/editing in the online application form can be done after successful submission /final submission of the form.
Application Fee for clat 2018 :
1. Application fee for General/OBC/SAP and other category candidates: Rs.4,000/-
2. Application fee for SC/ST category candidates: Rs.3,500/-
4. The candidates themselves will have to bear the bank transaction charges for remitting the fee online.
CUTT OFF 2018
CLAT 2018 Rank Cutoffs
Candidates can view expected score and rank-wise CLAT 2018 cutoff for NLUs and other private colleges that accept CLAT scores for admission below.
Step 1 Realising what CLAT is all about. Analysing the past year papers –
The first thing first is to realise the pattern of the exam which you are about to take. It is pertinently important to have an exact idea of the questions which will be asked in the paper.
An aspirant should start right from the papers of 2018 CLAT. Analsing the past year papers is the first step towards cracking CLAT. The question, How to crack CLAT in 30 days is tough to explain and answer, however, getting to know the exam pattern is the first step.
Step 2 Realising the amount of time you have in hand –
A law aspirant desiring of cracking CLAT in 30 days must keep in mind the audacity of time in hand. You only have 30 days and none could be spared in vain. Every day, every minute, every hour counts. Thus, the second step towards, How to crack CLAT in 30 days is explained as follows
NO REST! ITS TIME TO RUN.
Step 3 How to attempt the subjects. Understanding how many hours you will have to give to particular subjects –
This is the most crucial part. An aspirant needs to realise their strength and weaknesses. This will help you in understanding the quantum of efforts you will be making in each subject.
- Time management.
- The approach towards attempting questions.
- Knowledge and how easily you can tackle unfavourable situation
Therefore, answering the question, an aspirant from science background might find mathematics section comparatively easier than other sections. Therefore, they can devote the time they will be allocating to maths to General Knowledge which most of the aspirant from science background find comparatively difficult.
Please understand that we cannot afford to negate any section. Every section is equally important. It is just the smart work and presence of mind which an aspirant has to apply while deciding the subjects in which they are strong in and hence, will have to spare less energy in.
DO NOT WORK HARD! WORK SMART
Step 4 Section wise analysis. How much time to give to each section –
Before beginning with this part, this is just a sample schedule which might suit your purpose. An aspirant should choose the number of hours to devote to each section as per their will and fancy. This is how I used to divide my hours in the past one month before taking CLAT.
GK has had always been a scary section for the majority of aspirants. Let us understand the two aspects of GK sections asked in CLAT.
- Current Affairs
- Static GK
An aspirant should be vell versed with the current happenings of 12 months prior to the clat paper. (If time is not n your favour, you might even choose to skip the current events of March and Apri the of previous year.)
IT WILL HARDLY TAKE 5 HOURS TO PREPARE A MONTHS CURRENT EVENT WHICH ARE IMPORTANT FOR CLAT EXAMS.
A TOTAL OF 5X 12 = 60 HOURS FOR CURRENT EVENTS. (MAXIMUM 3 DAYS)
Take any good book on static GK. Focus on chapters such as History, Geography, Constitution, and Miscellaneous. Please understand that static GK can be anything under the Sun. It is very difficult to be a master of the subject, that too in a time span of 30 days, it is almost impossible.
Therefore, an aspirant should make a smart attempt. Focus only on those sections from GK which is heavily tested in CLAT.
Again the same principle as is applied in Static GK applies in Maths section too. There are in total, 10-12 Chapters which are heavily tested in CLAT papers. These includes,
Profit loss, Time Speed and Distance, Percentage, Number System, Fractions, Probability, Averages, Time and Work, Ratio and Proportion, Simple and compound interest.
Legal reasoning is the most scoring part of all the sections. It is a combination of Reading Comprehension and few legal principles.
The first thing first, an aspirant, to understand the legal principles asked in the legal reasoning part should acquaint themselves with fundamental of laws such as torts, crime, constitution. Any coaching institute’s study material will suffice your cause.
After going through these laws, an aspirant will have more clear understanding of the principles asked in the legal reasoning section.
Logical reasoning is the another most scoring part of all the sections. Logical reasoning is no more different than maths. There are few chapters such as blood relationship, puzzles, syllogism, mostly analytical reasoning part, which is heavily tested in CLAT. Understand the concepts, solve a number of problems and hence master in the logical section. This is the formula.
I find the english section comparatively more difficult than any other section. There seems to be no beginning and no end, just like static GK. But there is a way out. Practice reading comprehension, para jumble- sentences, and devote an hour a day.
What not to do in English
This is more important than the previous section. An aspirant should not take any attempt towards memorising fancy vocabularies when the time left is only one month. This step will be perfectly fine when you are preparing for the past one year or more. But when you are asking the question, how to crack CLAT in 30 days? Say a big no to memorising fancy vocabularies through fancy books.
Step 5 Coaching or At-home preparation –
This is a paradox. The most difficult part of any aspirants query, the most asked one and perhaps the most difficult to answer. To begin with, the most important asset which any aspirant has, prior to 30 days before clat is time. Even Kohinoor is cheaper than time. Trust me!
Please understand that every individual aspirant has their personal level of understanding. One might find a section easier which the other find difficult and vice-versa. In the midst of all these confusion, the important thing to understand is the time in hand.
THEREFORE THE CALL IS YOURS. ASK YOUSELF, CAN YOU GUIDE YOURSELF WITH THE HELP OF ANY MENTOR (FRIEND, BROTHER ADVISING YOU) OR YOU CANNOT PROCEED WITHOUT COACHINGS. THE CALL IS YOURS.
Step 6 Attempting Mock –
Without step 6, all your efforts will go in vain. In 30 days, an aspirant must take a maximum number of mocks possible. Without Mock tests, none of the efforts will work.
Mock helps you in analysing, how to restructure your preparations. What is going wrong. How to fix the problem. It also gives a fair idea of your standing with other fellow competetors. A minimum number of 20 mocks must be attempted.
Not only attempting mock but analysing them is also pertinently important. Without analysing you will never know what is going wrong.
Step 7 Managing your time while attempting mock –
- 200 questions in 120 minutes.
- 50 GK questions can be attempted within 10 minutes.
- Therefore, 150 questions left in 110 minutes.
- 20 questions from maths section, an aspirant can get it over within another 15 minutes (maximum). Therefore, 130 questions left to answer within 95 minutes.
- Thereafter, 40 questions from English will hardly take 25 minutes. What we are left is 90 question unanswered and 70 minutes.
- 50 questions from legal reasoning section should not take more than 35 minutes. What now we are left with is 40 questions from logical section and 35 minutes.
- 35 minutes is more than enough to tackle logical section.
CONGRATS! YOU ARE DONE WITH CLAT PAPER WITHIN REQUIRED TIME PERIOD.