LAW-CLAT

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LAW

In India, Law has always been considered a noble and respectable profession. A good lawyer not only practiced law but also made immense contributions in social development. The lawyers in the past and the lawyers now have always been helping in regulating the legal system of our country.

Legal Profession has always been an important for administration of justice. Without, profession of law, the courts would not be in a position to provide justice. In the absence of law, we would go from liberty to rugged individualism and there will be a complete state of anarchy.

Legal profession is regarded as one of the most challenging profession amongst others.  Legal Profession in India is governed by Advocates Act, 1961 and the rules and regulations made by the Bar Council of India from time to time in this regard to govern the activities and conducts of those associated with the profession.  The benefits of being a lawyer include being able to select from a wide variety of career options in the public and private sector.

 

 

CAREER  PROSPECTUS IN LAW 

 

3 Year LAW  VS  5 Year LAW

The Indian legal education provides the LLB course in two formats for different audiences – 5-year integrated LLB course for Class 12 pass-outs and a 3-year LLB course for graduates of any stream. The advantage is that those who miss it after Class 12 due to various reasons still have an opportunity to study law after graduation.

Both courses are equally good and they should not be compared in the first place simply because they serve to two different audiences. If a candidate is a Class 12 student or has already passed out, he should go for five-year law without giving any thought to the three-year course in future.

 

List of NLUs

    1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore (NLSIU)
    2. National Academy of Legal Study and Research University of Law, Hyderabad (NALSAR)
    3. The National Law Institute University, Bhopal(NLIU)
    4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata (WBNUJS)
    5. National Law University, Jodhpur (NLUJ)
    6. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur (HNLU)
    7. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar (GNLU)
    8. Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow (RMLNLU)
    9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab (RGNUL)
    10. Chanakya National Law University, Patna (CNLU)
    11. The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi (NUALS)
    12. National Law University Odisha, Cuttack (NLUO)
    13. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi (NUSRL)
    14. National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (NLUJAA)
    15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam (DSNLU)
    16. Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli (TNNLS)
    17. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai (MNLU)
    18. Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla
    19. Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur.

 

Law entrance exams in india

If you are looking for a career in law, check out the overview of top law entrance exam in India. CLAT is the leading entrance exam in India conducted by the NLUs. Apart from CLAT , AILET, LSAT, SET, PU-LAW are the other LAW entrance exams.

A.  CLAT (Common Law Admission Test)-  CLAT is an all India entrance examination conducted on rotation by 18 National Law Universities (NLUs) for admissions to their under-graduate and post-graduate degree programmes.

CLAT Exam Pattern:

S. No. Subjects Questions Duration of Exam
1. English/Verbal Ability 40
2.  Quantitative Aptitude 20
3. Logical Reasoning 40 No Sectional Time
4. General Awareness 50
5. Legal Aptitude 50
Total 200 Questions 2 hours 

B. LSAT (Law School Admission Test)- LSAT is a standardized test of reading and verbal reasoning skills conducted four times every year specially designed for LLB and LLM admissions. There is no negative marking. LSAT scores are accepted by top institutes like Rajiv Gandhi School of Intellectual Property Law, IIT Kharagpur Law School etc.

LSAT Exam Pattern:

S. No. Subjects Questions (Approx) Duration of Exam
1. Analytical Reasoning 24 35
2.  First Logical Reasoning 24 35
3. Second Logical Reasoning 24 35
4. Reading Comprehension 24 35
Total 96-100 Questions 2 hours and 20 minutes

 C. AILET ( All India Law Entrance Test)- AILET is an exam conducted exclusively for National Law University (NLU) Delhi.

AILET Exam Pattern:

S. No. Subjects Questions Marks
1. English including Comprehension 35 35
2.  General Knowledge 35 35
3. Elementary Mathematics 10 10
4. Logical Reasoning  35 35
5. Legal Aptitude 35 35
Total 150 Questions 150 Marks 

D. SET (Symbiosis Entrance Test )- SET is a common written entrance test for Under Graduate law admissions into Symbiosis Law Schools situated in Pune and Noida. The Symbiosis University offers around 300 seats for five-year integrated LLB admissions and 60 seats for the three-year law admissions.

SET Exam Pattern:

S. No. Subjects Questions  Marks
1. Logical reasoning 30 30
2.  Legal reasoning 30 30
3. Analytical reasoning 30 30
4. Reading comprehension 30 30
5. General Knowledge 30 30
Total 150 Questions 150 Marks 

E. PU-LAW – Panjab University, Chandigarh conducts PU LLB entrance exam in order to shortlist aspirants for admission in three year LLB programme offered by it.

Course Name of Department No of Seats
LLB
(3 year course)
Department of Laws, PU, Chandigarh 300
Panjab University Regional Centre, Muktsar (Punjab) 60
UIL, Panjab University Regional Centre, Ludhiana (Punjab) 60
University Institute of Legal Studies, Panjab University Swami Sarvanand Giri Regional Centre, Bajwara, Hoshiarpur 60

PU-LAW Exam Pattern:

S. No. Subjects Questions (Approx) Marks
1. Current affairs and general knowledge 40 40
2. Legal Aptitude 40 40
3. Reasoning ability and knowledge of English 20 20
Total 100 Questions 100 marks

 

 

How to Crack CLAT

Step 1 Realising what CLAT is all about. Analysing the past year papers­ –

The first thing first is to realise the pattern of the exam which you are about to take. It is pertinently important to have an exact idea of the questions which will be asked in the paper.

An aspirant should start right from the papers of 2018 CLAT. Analsing the past year papers is the first step towards cracking CLAT. The question, How to crack CLAT in 30 days is tough to explain and answer, however, getting to know the exam pattern is the first step.

Step 2 Realising the amount of time you have in hand –

A law aspirant desiring of cracking CLAT in 30 days must keep in mind the audacity of time in hand. You only have 30 days and none could be spared in vain. Every day, every minute, every hour counts. Thus, the second step towards, How to crack CLAT in 30 days is explained as follows 

NO REST! ITS TIME TO RUN.

Step 3 How to attempt the subjects. Understanding how many hours you will have to give to particular subjects –

This is the most crucial part. An aspirant needs to realise their strength and weaknesses. This will help you in understanding the quantum of efforts you will be making in each subject.

  • Time management.
  • The approach towards attempting questions.
  • Knowledge and how easily you can tackle unfavourable situation

Therefore, answering the question, an aspirant from science background might find mathematics section comparatively easier than other sections. Therefore, they can devote the time they will be allocating to maths to General Knowledge which most of the aspirant from science background find comparatively difficult.

Please understand that we cannot afford to negate any section. Every section is equally important. It is just the smart work and presence of mind which an aspirant has to apply while deciding the subjects in which they are strong in and hence, will have to spare less energy in.

DO NOT WORK HARD! WORK SMART

Step 4 Section wise analysis. How much time to give to each section –

Before beginning with this part, this is just a sample schedule which might suit your purpose. An aspirant should choose the number of hours to devote to each section as per their will and fancy. This is how I used to divide my hours in the past one month before taking CLAT.

General Knowledge

GK has had always been a scary section for the majority of aspirants. Let us understand the two aspects of GK sections asked in CLAT.

  1. Current Affairs
  2. Static GK

Current Affairs

An aspirant should be vell versed with the current happenings of 12 months prior to the clat paper. (If time is not n your favour, you might even choose to skip the current events of March and Apri the of previous year.)

IT WILL HARDLY TAKE 5 HOURS TO PREPARE A MONTHS CURRENT EVENT WHICH ARE IMPORTANT FOR CLAT EXAMS.

A TOTAL OF 5X 12 = 60 HOURS FOR CURRENT EVENTS. (MAXIMUM 3 DAYS)

Static GK

Take any good book on static GK. Focus on chapters such as History, Geography, Constitution, and Miscellaneous. Please understand that static GK can be anything under the Sun. It is very difficult to be a master of the subject, that too in a time span of 30 days, it is almost impossible.

Therefore, an aspirant should make a smart attempt. Focus only on those sections from GK which is heavily tested in CLAT.

Mathematics

Again the same principle as is applied in Static GK applies in Maths section too. There are in total,  10-12 Chapters which are heavily tested in CLAT papers. These includes,

Profit loss, Time Speed and Distance, Percentage, Number System, Fractions, Probability, Averages, Time and Work, Ratio and Proportion, Simple and compound interest.

Legal Reasoning

Legal reasoning is the most scoring part of all the sections. It is a combination of Reading Comprehension and few legal principles.

The first thing first, an aspirant, to understand the legal principles asked in the legal reasoning part should acquaint themselves with fundamental of laws such as torts, crime, constitution. Any coaching institute’s study material will suffice your cause.

After going through these laws, an aspirant will have more clear understanding of the principles asked in the legal reasoning section.

Logical Reasoning

Logical reasoning is the another most scoring part of all the sections. Logical reasoning is no more different than maths. There are few chapters such as blood relationship, puzzles, syllogism, mostly analytical reasoning part, which is heavily tested in CLAT. Understand the concepts, solve a number of problems and hence master in the logical section. This is the formula. 

English

I find the english section comparatively more difficult than any other section. There seems to be no beginning and no end, just like static GK. But there is a way out. Practice reading comprehension, para jumble- sentences, and devote an hour a day.

What not to do in English

This is more important than the previous section. An aspirant should not take any attempt towards memorising fancy vocabularies when the time left is only one month. This step will be perfectly fine when you are preparing for the past one year or more. But when you are asking the question, how to crack CLAT in 30 days? Say a big no to memorising fancy vocabularies through fancy books.

Step 5 Coaching or At-home preparation –

This is a paradox. The most difficult part of any aspirants query, the most asked one and perhaps the most difficult to answer. To begin with, the most important asset which any aspirant has, prior to 30 days before clat is time. Even Kohinoor is cheaper than time. Trust me!

Please understand that every individual aspirant has their personal level of understanding. One might find a section easier which the other find difficult and vice-versa. In the midst of all these confusion, the important thing to understand is the time in hand.

THEREFORE THE CALL IS YOURS. ASK YOUSELF, CAN YOU GUIDE YOURSELF WITH THE HELP OF ANY MENTOR (FRIEND, BROTHER ADVISING YOU) OR YOU CANNOT PROCEED WITHOUT COACHINGS. THE CALL IS YOURS.

Step 6 Attempting Mock –

Without step 6, all your efforts will go in vain. In 30 days, an aspirant must take a maximum number of mocks possible. Without Mock tests, none of the efforts will work.

Mock helps you in analysing, how to restructure your preparations. What is going wrong. How to fix the problem. It also gives a fair idea of your standing with other fellow competetors. A minimum number of 20 mocks must be attempted.

Not only attempting mock but analysing them is also pertinently important. Without analysing you will never know what is going wrong.

Step 7 Managing your time while attempting mock –

  • 200 questions in 120 minutes.
  • 50 GK questions can be attempted within 10 minutes.
  • Therefore, 150 questions left in 110 minutes.
  • 20 questions from maths section, an aspirant can get it over within another 15 minutes (maximum). Therefore, 130 questions left to answer within 95 minutes.
  • Thereafter, 40 questions from English will hardly take 25 minutes. What we are left is 90 question unanswered and 70 minutes.
  • 50 questions from legal reasoning section should not take more than 35 minutes. What now we are left with is 40 questions from logical section and 35 minutes.
  • 35 minutes is more than enough to tackle logical section.

CONGRATS! YOU ARE DONE WITH CLAT PAPER WITHIN REQUIRED TIME PERIOD.

 

 

CLAT – 2019

Common Law Admission Test (CLAT) is conducted on a rotational basis by the National Law Universities (NLUs) in India. CLAT-19 would be conducted by NLU Odisha. Apart from this, the National Testing Agency (NTA) has also approached the Supreme Court to be given permission to conduct CLAT exam. It is further informed that before NTA put forth this proposal before the Supreme Court even the Bar Council of India (BCI) expressed interest around conducting CLAT 2019. The Common Law Admission Test or CLAT is always held on the second Sunday of May every year. From the year 2016, the authorities removed the upper age limit. But, the lower age limit to apply online is below 20 years of age.

Important dates-

All important  tentative dates given below for CLAT 2019.

  • Jan 01 Applications: Start Date ( tentative).
  • Mar 31 Applications: End Date ( tentative).
  • May 12 CLAT 2018 Exam ( tentative).

CLAT Admit Card 2019

Admit cards would be issued by the registered aspirants before the few weeks of the day of examination through the official website www.clat.ac.in. To generate the admit card, you are required to enter your User ID and Password

Schedule of CLAT 2019 Exam–

Examination would be conducted in one session of two hours. The tentative scheduled date for Exam will be 12th of May 2019 during 03.00 pm to 05.00 pm; Additional time shall be given to specially abled persons (Divyang) as per norms.

Application Fee

CLAT 2019 application fee can be paid by any means, that is, online or through Challan. Candidates need to note that additional bank charges may apply for the above transactions.

General   4000/-
SC/ST    3500/-

NLUs with placements

These are the top four NLU with salaries of 14 Lakh – 18 Lakh per annum are:

  1. National Law School of India University (NLSIU), Bangalore
  2. NALSAR University of Law (NALSAR), Hyderabad
  3. The National Law Institute University (NLIU), Bhopal
  4. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS), Kolkata

Major MNCs who recruit from National Law Universities –

The major MNCs who recruit from National Law Universities are:

  1. ITC Ltd.
  2. SAIL
  3. ICICI Bank
  4. HDFC Bank
  5. Unilever
  6. P & G
  7. Nestle
  8. Tata
  9. Infosys

 

Number of seats in NLUs under LLB –

 NLSIU – National Law School of India University, Bangalore 80

National Academy of Legal Studies and Research University Of Law, Hyderabad 105

 NLIU – The National Law Institute University, Bhopal – 120

WBNUJS – West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata115

NLUJ – National Law University, Jodhpur – 197

HNLU – Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur – 80

GNLU – Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar 187

RGNUL – Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Punjab219

RMLNLU – Dr. Ram Manohar Lohiya National Law University, Lucknow – 258

CNLU  – Chanakya National Law University, Patna – 120

NUALS – The National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi – 60

NLUO – National Law University Odisha180

NUSRL – National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi140

National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam120

DSNLU – Damodaran Sanjivayya National Law University Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh120

TNNLS – Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirappalli105

 MNLU – Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai – 45

MNLU – Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur120

MNLU – Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad50

Result –